SEO Guide: How To Establish SEO Goals For Your Business

Setting goals that speak to what you want to achieve is a key first step as you begin your SEO journey, whether on your own or with the help of an SEO professional. You won’t know when you arrive (or if you’ve lost your way) if you don’t know where you want to go, like with any trip.

But how can you define SEO goals that will guide you in selecting the proper strategies, determining which indicators to track, and calculating the ROI on your SEO investment?

How to Get Started With SEO Goals

It’s one thing to recognise that you need to create goals and another to know where to begin. Because I have a propensity to become overly focused on the details of what I want to do, I have to remind myself to start with the forest rather than the trees. In other words, zoom out and start with high-level thinking when creating goals for your SEO activity.

Great SEO Goals Start With Business Objectives

Before you get down into the weeds choosing of SEO goals, start with your company’s big-picture objectives. Your marketing plan is probably already built around supporting overall business objectives, and your SEO plans should be too.

Questions to Ask That Can Inform Your SEO Goals:

  • What are the company-wide objectives for the coming year?
  • What key performance metric (KPM) do you own?
  • What marketing objectives support that KPM?
  • What SEO goal maps directly to your marketing objectives?

For example, let’s say that your company’s annual objective is to capture a bigger portion of your industry’s market share. In support of that company objective, maybe your KPM is the number of qualified leads. Your marketing plan likely includes several initiatives designed to bring prospects into your marketing funnel and nurture them into qualified leads.

How Can SEO Support Your Marketing Objectives?

In this scenario, you’re likely looking for an SEO strategy that directly impacts lead generation and conversion. So your SEO goal should be tied to conversion metrics.

Set Realistic SEO Goals

SEO isn’t a field that rewards immediate gratification. It takes time to implement and see results from smart, long-term SEO methods. Instead of sprinting, consider a marathon. That isn’t to say that you won’t see small advances early on in your campaign; nevertheless, significant growth takes time. Setting reasonable expectations will assist your team and stakeholders maintain patience while working toward a common goal.

Base Your SEO Goals on Historical Data

The greatest place to start developing realistic goals is to look at 1) where you’ve been and 2) where you are now. Analyze previous data and make predictions based on what you’ve learned. As an example, let’s say your analytics show that organic traffic to your site climbed by 20% without a dedicated SEO effort last year.

Be Realistic AND Swing Big

While it’s essential to be realistic when setting your SEO goals, you also want to have some stretch goals. If you set the bar too low, you’ll hit your easily attainable goals and see some results from your efforts. But, you could set objectives that push you to go a bit beyond your comfort zone, get creative, and make the most out of your SEO campaign. It’s better to aim high and fall a little short than to pay the opportunity cost of keeping it comfortable.

How to Set SMART SEO Goals

Call me a word nerd, but I do love a good acronym. To make sure your goals are clear and reachable, each one should be:

  • Specific
  • Measurable
  • Achievable
  • Relevant
  • Time-based

Let’s break that down as it relates to SEO.


Be specific about exactly what you hope to accomplish with your SEO efforts. “More traffic” or “more leads” are not specific goals.

Put a number on it.

If you want to generate “more leads,” ask yourself, “more leads than what?” Last quarter? Last year? What’s the exact number you want “more” than, and how much more do you want? If you generated 1,000 leads in the previous year, a specific goal might be 50% more than that, or 1,500 leads during the coming year. Nailing down a concrete number sets a clear expectation for stakeholders of what your successful SEO campaign will look like.


What metrics will you use to determine progress toward your goal? If it’s a long-term goal, create milestones to guide you toward the finish line. Say you’ve decided you want to generate 1,500 leads in 12 months. If you develop quarterly milestones to mark your progress, you’ll know that if you aren’t closing in on 375 leads by the end of Q1, you’ll need to adjust some tactical levers to pick up the pace on meeting your year-end goal.

My favorite thing about a measurable goal is that you know when to celebrate your achievements!


Can you accomplish your goal with the resources you have? If you aim to produce 400 times more leads in the coming year, do you have the budget and team to get you there? To the point I made above about swinging big when you set your goal — if you have a reasonable idea of what it will take to hit that homer and those resources are available to you, then you’ve set an achievable goal. If you don’t know how you’re going to make something happen, it’s time to reconsider your plan.


What’s the point of your goal? Does it map directly back to your overall KPIs and company objectives? You want to make sure that your results will move the needle on company goals.

Ask yourself, “Will this accomplish something for the company as a whole?” If so, specify that in the goal itself: “Increasing leads by 50% year over year will help the company move closer to its annual goal of capturing a bigger portion of market share.”

Establishing an end date for your objective keeps everyone’s priorities aligned and sets expectations for pacing toward the finish line. Knowing there’s a hard stop gives everyone the impetus to drive activities to achieve the desired result within the allotted time. It’s also easier to set incremental milestones on a fixed timeline.

SEO Goals – Examples

Your SEO goal might fall into one of five broad categories:

  1. Site Traffic
  2. Brand Awareness
  3. User/Customer Engagement
  4. Lead Generation
  5. Revenue

Site Traffic
A SMART site traffic goal might be:

Increase total unique web traffic YoY by 50%.
Brand Awareness
If you’re hoping to increase awareness of your brand, you could set a SMART goal to:

Achieve first-page ranking for this [specific] keyword set within 12 months.
User/Customer Engagement
If you want to move people through your marketing funnel, you might focus on improving customer engagement on your website. In which case, you could set a SMART goal to:

Increase the average session duration on our blog pages by 33% by the end of the year.
Lead Generation
Let’s pull down the lead generation example from above. If you want to bring more leads into your marketing funnel, your SMART goal might be:

Generate 1,500 leads in the next 12 months.
If you want to increase the value of your organic traffic, you might focus your goal on growing revenue-producing conversions on your website:

Increase online sales from organic traffic by $3M year over year.
Measuring Success – Choosing Key Metrics
As I mentioned above, you want to pick a measurable way to define success. The metrics you track should speak to the specific goal you set.

SEO Metrics Defined

There are some general SEO metrics to consider when deciding how you’ll measure progress toward your goal.

Visibility Metrics
In SEO, visibility is about getting your website in front of as many potential customers as possible.

Visibility metrics include:

  • Impressions in search results.
  • Organic ranking positions.

Traffic Metrics
If visibility is about how many sets of eyes see you in search results, traffic is about how many people are motivated to click through to your site.

Traffic metrics include:

  • Traffic sources.
  • Organic traffic.
  • Referral traffic.
  • Direct traffic.
  • Click-through rate.

Engagement Metrics
After prospects have clicked through to your site, engagement metrics measure how they interact with your content.

Engagement metrics include:

  • Pageviews.
  • Time on page.
  • Session duration.
  • Bounce rate.
  • Pages per session.
  • Page/Scroll depth.

Conversion & Revenue Metrics
Often associated with making a purchase, conversions are more broadly defined as an action someone takes on your website that converts them from a visitor into a potential customer. Conversions could include:

  • Sales.
  • Leads.
  • Email signups.
  • Form completions.
  • Registration.
  • Subscription.
  • Visits to a key page.
  • Phone calls.

Technical Metrics
Technical SEO improvements are often invisible to the casual observer. Still, when something’s wrong with your technical SEO, those unseen metrics become an invisible wall that can make your site difficult to access or impossible to enjoy.

Technical metrics include:

  • Page Load Speed.
  • Pages Indexed.
  • Crawl Errors.

Authority Metrics
Google does not have a single authority metric, instead determining authority on a page-by-page basis using a collection of signals. While Google won’t go into detail about how those decisions are made, Paul Haahr, a Senior Engineer there, says quality is a top priority.

Don’t be confused by domain authority scores that third-party companies like Moz and SEMRush have developed. These are trailing metrics designed to gauge a site’s potential to rank higher than its competitors in search engine results — they aren’t Google ads Agency ranking factors.

At Able Media Group, we’ve found that building quality backlinks from trusted sources is the single most impactful activity to establishing authority.

Put Your Goal In Writing

Writing your goals down helps you gain clarity on what you want to achieve and gives you space to work through the SMART process. In addition, your goals are a touchstone to return to throughout your campaign, allowing you to check the reality of where you are versus where you intended to go. Whether you’re working with an internal team or an SEO agency, share your written goal to keep everyone on the same page.

FAQs About Setting SEO Goals

How often should I review my SEO Goals?
In general, how often you review your SEO goals could depend on a few things.

Ask yourself:

  • Have I achieved one goal and need to set a new one?
  • Have my overall business objectives changed?
  • Are there economic or social factors that require a significant pivot to sustain viability? (Think COVID.)
  • Was there something I didn’t know when I set my goal, which I need to address?
  • Is the goal I set misaligned with the KPIs I’m responsible for?

How often should I revisit my SEO strategy?
It’s a good idea to review your SEO strategy at least once a year. With so many variables — both inside and outside of your control — that factor into your SEO success, I recommend you conduct regular reviews of key metrics so you can fine-tune your efforts and your strategy. At Able Media Group, we constantly monitor our customers’ London SEO Agency health to make real-time recommendations in response to fluctuations in search, changes in the competitive landscape, or social concerns that could impact their visibility.

How often should I review my SEO metrics?
That’s an excellent question for which there is no simple answer. It is debatable. In general, the frequency with which you check your SEO analytics is determined by the indicators you’re looking at, the typical duration of your sales cycle (if your aim is revenue-based), and any seasonal swings in your business you need to keep track of.

Here’s a basic framework:


Before you get into the habit of checking metrics weekly, ask yourself if what you’re looking at is essential enough that you would prioritize taking action on it. It can be crazy-making to spend a lot of time tracking metrics every week that have no tangible impact on your bigger goal and that you wouldn’t take action to change.If you’re looking at a weekly metric, pick the single one that you know will be a key indicator for your long-term goals.A specific metric you might want to check weekly is organic traffic.Check organic traffic every week to look for unexpected or inexplicable dives that could be red flags for significant issues that need to be addressed immediately. A one-week dip might be nothing, but watching week-to-week trends in organic traffic can give you the context you need to better understand your monthly trends, especially when you’re looking at longer, less drastic movement — like small but steady traffic losses each week that could indicate a complex issue like keyword cannibalization.

Looking at your metrics monthly usually provides a large enough window of time that any improvements you’ve made — like adding SEO content — have been indexed, and you’ll be able to see results from those activities. Comparing metrics month-over-month will provide information about trends that may be related to smaller fluctuations you’ve been tracking every week. Monthly trends might also be relevant to milestones you’ve set for longer-term goals.At Able Media Group, we review metrics with our customers every month to assess incremental progress on their campaigns, provide context for fluctuations, and make recommendations for improvement.

As you zoom out to look at quarterly views, you’ll start to build a picture of how longer-burn SEO activities are performing. Making quarter-over-quarter comparisons can clarify what kind of impact your keyword strategy is having. As with monthly metric reviews, quarterly assessments of your key metrics will tell you if you’re tracking to your milestones.

If you have a seasonal business, year-over-year data visualisations might be very useful. Similarly, if you’ve established a year-long goal, now is the time to look back on how far you’ve come. Although there should be no shocks at this stage because you’ve been tracking incremental achievements since the beginning.

How do I set goals without historical data?

I understand all too well that this can be a paralyzing problem. If you don’t have any historical data to inform goal-setting, ask yourself:

  • What previous experiences can you draw from that might inform how you set your goal?
  • Are there industry benchmarks that can provide a framework for your (and your stakeholders’) expectations?
  • Are there internal or external subject matter experts that can provide a reality check to the goals you’re setting?

Chances are, if you’re operating without historical data, you’re building something brand new and setting up systems and processes as you go. If that’s the situation you’re in, set growth milestones along the way that account for the likelihood that you’ll build momentum as you progress through your timeline. For instance, if you want to bring in 1,000 qualified leads in a year, don’t just set milestones to bring in 250 leads per quarter. Instead, plan for smaller gains early on that increase over time.

What if I need to move the needle on multiple objectives?

What would you do if you were standing at the bottom of a mountain with five rocks to push to the top? Isn’t it true that you’d push them up one by one? Attempting to divide your energy in order to move them all at the same time will not get you there. Pushing boulder #1 halfway up the mountain and then sprinting back down the mountain to start pushing boulder #2 is a sure-fire way to squander all of your b gains.

The moral of the story is to prioritize the one activity that will help you build momentum. What matters right now? Narrow your scope and apply pressure to the goal you can build on once it’s complete.


Knowing where you want to go is the first step in getting there. Setting explicit SEO goals will assist you in mapping out your trip, tracking your progress, and fine-tuning your processes as you go.

We’ve seen the value of creating defined goals with our customers that effect their overall business objectives at Able Media Group. (As these SEO campaign case studies demonstrate.) The first step, regardless of the SEO service we do, is to understand where our customers want to go. Then we put in a lot of effort to get them there. Need help with your SEO? We’d love to hear from you, get in touch with Able Media’s Digital Marketing Agency and our SEO experts today!

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